Punjab is well known for its vibrant and colourful culture. Traditionally, the homes in the state have always reflected an earthy and vibrant vibe. Today, even though families may prefer contemporary or modern décor, they tend to infuse it with a few traditional elements.
It is interesting to note the evolution of architecture and home design in Punjab. It carries influences of the Indo-Aryan and Vedic eras, the period of Maurya, Gupta, Pala and other empires, as well as the Shahi kingdoms, the Muslim invasion, the Sikh rule, and the British colonial era.
Let’s look deeper at the different home designs in Punjab – from the old to the new, from rural to urban homes. We’ll also look at how to incorporate traditional Punjabi interior elements into your home today.
Traditional Punjabi Architecture
A traditional Punjabi kothi or haveli is a house built with a blend of Punjabi vernacular and colonial design elements. The typical construction materials were bricks, lime, mud, surkhi (powdered broken brick) and timber.
There was a central courtyard around which all the rooms were built. This courtyard acted as the common living area or the baithak and would be the centre of family gatherings. It also